11 Cancer Symptoms You Should Be Aware Of
Cancer is a condition in which some cells in the body grow out of control and spread to other regions of the body.
Cancer may grow nearly anywhere in the billions of cells that make up the human body.
Human cells normally divide and proliferate to create new cells as needed by the body. Cells die as they get old, injured, and new cells replace them.
1. Skin Changes
A new spot on your skin, or one that changes size, shape, or colour, might be a symptom of skin cancer. Another sign is a place on your body that does not appear to be the same as the others. If you see any strange markings on your skin, have your doctor examine it. They will do an inspection and may remove a tiny portion (called a biopsy) to search for cancer cells.
If you don’t smoke, there’s a very slim possibility that a persistent cough is a symptom of cancer. It is usually caused by postnasal drip, asthma and acid reflux. But, if yours doesn’t go away or you cough up blood, contact your doctor, especially if you smoke. To screen for lung cancer, they may collect mucus from your lungs or do a chest X-ray.
3. Breast Changes
The majority of breast alterations are not cancerous. It’s still vital to inform your doctor about them and get them checked out. Inform them if you notice any lumps, nipple changes or discharge, redness or thickness, or pain in your breasts. They’ll do an exam and may recommend mammography, MRI, or biopsy.
You may feel full and bloated as a result of your diet or even stress. However, if it does not improve or if you also experience exhaustion, weight loss, or back discomfort, get medical attention. Constant bloating in women might be an indication of ovarian cancer. A pelvic exam can be performed by your doctor to determine the cause.
5. Problems with Peeing
Many men experience urinary difficulties as they age, such as the need to urinate more frequently, leaks, or a weak stream. These are often symptoms of an enlarged prostate, but they might potentially indicate prostate cancer. Consult your doctor for a checkup and perhaps a PSA blood test.
6. Lymph Node Swelling
These tiny, bean-shaped glands can be found in your neck, armpits, and other parts of your body. When they swell, it usually implies you’re fighting an illness, such as a cold or strep throat. This type of swelling can also be caused by malignancies such as lymphoma and leukaemia. Consult your doctor to determine the root reason.
7. When You Go to the Bathroom, You Get Blood
It’s a good idea to consult your doctor if you notice blood in the toilet after you’ve gone. Bloody stool is most commonly caused by bulging, irritated veins known as haemorrhoids, but it might also represent colon cancer. Blood in your urine might indicate a urinary tract infection, but it could also indicate kidney or bladder cancer.
8. Changes in the Testicle
If you discover a lump or swelling in your testicles, you should see your doctor as soon as possible. A non-painful lump is the most common sign of testicular cancer. Men may have a heavy feeling in their lower abdomen or scrotum, or they may believe their testicles are bigger. Your doctor may examine the region physically and may use an ultrasound scan to see whether there is a tumour or another issue.
9. Swallowing Difficulties
A common cold, acid reflux, or even some medications might make swallowing difficult at times. Consult your doctor if it does not improve with time or antacids. Trouble swallowing can also be a symptom of cancer in your throat or the oesophagus, the tube that connects your mouth and stomach. Your doctor will do a checkup as well as certain tests, such as a barium X-ray, in which you will drink a chalky fluid to help the image show your throat more clearly.
10. Vaginal Bleeding That Isn’t Normal
Bleeding that isn’t part of your regular period might be caused by a variety of factors, including fibroids or some kinds of birth control. However, if you are bleeding between periods, after intercourse, or have bloody discharge, consult your doctor. They’ll seek to rule out uterine, cervix, or vaginal cancer. If you are bleeding after menopause, please notify them. That is not normal and should be investigated immediately.
11. Problems with the Mouth
Most changes in your mouth aren’t significant, ranging from foul breath to canker sores. However, if you develop white or red patches or sores in your mouth that do not heal after a few weeks, especially if you smoke, consult your doctor. It might be an indication of oral cancer. Other symptoms to check for include a lump in your cheek, difficulty moving your jaw, and mouth pain.
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